Câu thụ động (Passive voice) là 1 trong những cấu trúc cơ bản không thể bỏ qua nếu bạn đang vào hành trình chinh phục những đỉnh điểm mới trong TOEIC / IELTS / giờ đồng hồ Anh. Để nắm rõ cách áp dụng của câu bị động chúng ta cần thực hành thực tế làm nhiều bài xích tập. Trong nội dung bài viết này thuocmaxman.vn sẽ hỗ trợ cho chúng ta tổng hợp đa số bài tập câu bị động từ bỏ cơ bạn dạng đến nâng cao và đáp án cụ thể ở cuối bài.

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I. Triết lý về câu tiêu cực

1. Định nghĩa câu tiêu cực

Câu bị động(Passive Voice) là câu mà công ty ngữ là fan hay thiết bị chịu ảnh hưởng của hành động, được sử dụng để nhấn mạnh vấn đề đến đối tượng chịu ảnh hưởng tác động của hành động đó. Thì của câu bị động yêu cầu tuân theo thì của câu nhà động.

Bài tập câu thụ động

The first diagram (1-illustrate)____________the process of cement manufacture, & the second diagram (2-show)_____________ the materials that go into the production of concrete.

It is clear that there are five stages in the production of cement, beginning with the input đầu vào of raw materials và ending with bags of the finished product. To produce concrete, four different materials (3-mix)______________ together.

At the first stage in the production of cement, limestone & clay (4-crush)____________ to form a powder. This powder then (5-mix)______________ before it passes into a rotating heater. After heating, the resulting mixture (6-grind)_______________, và cement (7-produce)______________. Finally, the cement (8-package)_______________in large bags.

Cement is one of the four raw materials that (9-use)_______________ in the production of concrete, along with gravel, sand và water. To lớn be exact, concrete (10-consist)_______________ of 1/2 gravel, 25% sand, 15% cement and 10% water. All four materials are blended together in a rotating machine called a concrete mixer.

Bài tập 4

Chuyển đông đảo câu chủ động sang câu bị động

When will you bởi the work?How are you going to deal with this problem?How bởi vì you spend this amount of money?I wonder whether the board of directors will choose Susan or Jane for the position.How did the police find the lost man?

Bài tập 5

Chuyển những câu sau sang trọng thể bị động.

The waiter brings me this dish.Our friends send these postcards to lớn us.Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother.She showed her ticket to the airline agent.Jim baked this cake yesterday.They are going to lớn buy a new apartment next year.The shop assistant handed these boxes khổng lồ the customer.The board awarded the first prize to the reporter.Have you sent the Christmas cards lớn your family?The committee appointed Alice secretary for the meeting.Tom will give Anna a ride to school tomorrow.They keep this room tidy all the time.We gave Ann some bananas and some flowers.They moved the fridge into the living room.

Bài tập 6

Chuyển các câu hỏi dạng đảo Yes/No sang câu bị động

Do they teach English here?Will you invite her to lớn your wedding party?Has Tom finished the work?Did the teacher give some exercises?Have they changed the window of the laboratory?Is she going lớn write a poem?Is she making big cakes for the party?Are the police making inquires about the thief?Must we finish the kiểm tra before ten?Will buses bring the children home?Have you finished your homework?

Bài tập 7

Chuyển các câu hỏi bắt đầu bằng từ bỏ hỏi “H/WH” sau sang trọng câu bị động

Why didn’t they help him?How many games has the team played?Where bởi people speak English?Who are they keeping in the kitchen?How can they xuất hiện this safe?What books are people reading this year?How did the police find the lost man?Who look after the children for you?How long have they waited for the doctor?What time can the boys hand in their papers?Who lend you this book?How many marks does the teacher give you?

Bài tập 8

Chuyển câu có 2 nhà ngữ lịch sự câu bị động

They paid me a lot of money to bởi the job.The teacher gave each of us two exercise books.Someone will tell him that news.They have sent enough money khổng lồ those poor boys.They have given the women in most countries in the world the right lớn vote.

Bài tập 9

Chuyển những câu với rượu cồn từ trần thuật sau thanh lịch câu bị động

They think that he has died a natural death.Some people believe that 13 is an unlucky number.They say that John is the brightest student in class.They reported that the President had suffered a heart attack.I knew that they had told him of the meeting.They declared that she won the competition.They rumored the man was still living.People think that Jack London’s life and writing’s represent the American love of adventure.They reported that the troops were coming.People believed that the earth stood still.

Bài tập 10

Chuyển các câu với hễ từ chỉ nhấn thức sau sang trọng câu bị động

I have heard her sing this tuy vậy several times.People saw him steal your car.The teacher is watching the work.He won’t let you do that silly thing again.People don’t make the children work hard.They made him work all day.The detective saw the woman putting the jewelry in her bag.The terrorists made the hostages lie down.Police advise drivers to lớn use an alternative route.She helps me to vì chưng all these difficult exercises.

Bài tập 11

Chọn giải đáp đúng

An old woman feeds the pigeons.

The pigeons ____________

A. Are fed

B. Were fed by an old woman.

A burglar broke the window.

The window _________

A. Was broken

B. Is broken by a burglar.

Someone has made a mistake.

A mistake ___________

A. Was made

B. Has been made .

Everyone is going khổng lồ love her.

She _________________

A. Is going khổng lồ be loved

B. Was going to be loved by everyone.

Cervantes wrote ‘Don Quixote’.

‘Don Quixote’ ___________

A. Was written by Cervantes.

B. Has been written by Cervantes.

She is helping my sister.

My sister ____

A. Is helped

B. Is being helped by her.

Pamela will drive the bus.

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The bus ________

A. Will been driven

B. Will be driven by Pamela.

I was watering the plants.

The plants _______

A. Were being watered

B. Are being watered by me.

Bài tập 12

Sắp xếp tự thành câu hoàn chỉnh

has / The / door / opened. / beenon / is / grass / the / prohibited. / WalkingBreakfast / is / at / served / 8.30.spoken / in / English / is / shop. / thatwere / flowers / The / this / morning. / wateredmeat / been / your / The / has / cat! / stolen / byis / being / Your / hair / brushed.if / they / naughty. / will / be / children / punished / The / areyet. / not / car / Your / repaired / isbecause / cake / happy / awful / eaten! / been / am / has / I / that

Bài tập 13

Five suspects (A) have be (B) arrested (C) by the (D) police.He was ordered (A) by the (B) doctor to (C) take an (D) long rest.A (A) nhảy class (B) was start (C) last week (D).He were found (A) in the (B) forest by (C) the (D) police.A (A) oto is (B) going to lớn been (C) bought (D) tomorrow.These drugs are (A) be (B) destroyed (C) by police (D).I’m from (A) Russia and (B) my family born (C) there (D).

Bài tập 14

1. My room _________________________ in the house by her now.

A. Is being cleaned

B. Are being cleaned

C. Will be cleaned

D. Would be cleaned

2. Tom ___________________________ by Mary since 10 o’clock.

A. Has operated

B. Have been operated

C. Has been operated

D. All are wrong.

3. Someone __________________ to lớn take his place.

A. Must be find

B. Might be find

C. Should be finds

D. Must be found

4. đôi mươi demonstrators ________________________ by the police.

A. Was arrested

B. Were arrested

C. Was arresting

D. A và B

5. That book ______________________ by Tom yesterday.

A. Were bought

B. Bought

C. A và B

D. Was bought

6. Much of the city ______________________ by fire in the 17th century.

A. Was destroyed

B. Is destroyed

C. Are destroyed

D. Were destroyed

7. Work _________________________ by the teacher.

A. Are being watched

B. Was being watched

C. Is being watched

D. B & C

8. My house __________________ red and blue.

A. Are painted

B. Is painted

C. Was painted

D. All are wrong.

9. The grain _________________ to lớn the factory, where it _______________ & ____________________.

A. Are taken / cleaned / is checked

B. Is taken / is cleaned / is checked

C. Was taken / was cleaned / was checked

D. Is taken / is cleaned / checked

10. Jag Niwas _______________________ by Prince Maharana Jagat Singh II.

A. Were built

B. Are built

C. Was built

D. Is built

11. The wall _______________________ before you paint it.

A. Must be cleaned

B. Should cleaned

C. Might been cleaned

D. No answer is right

12. The Garden of Clear Ripples ___________________ by The Qing Emperor Quinlong in the middle of the 16th century.

A. Designed

B. Was designed

C. Were designed

D. B và C

13. This computer _________________________ lớn use

A. Will be continued

B. Would continued

C. Should continue

D. Must continues

14. A lot of food _____________________ these days.

A. Are thrown

B. Were thrown

C. Is thrown

D. Was thrown

Bài tập 15

Đọc đoạn văn sau và phân chia động từ trong ngoặc sinh sống dạng đúng của câu bị động

The Titanic was a huge ship. It (112. Build)___________ in Liverpool, England, & sank on its first trip in 1912. Today, you can visit the Titanic Museum in Missouri, USA và see what life was lượt thích for people on the Titanic. Visitors (113. Greet) _____________ y people in costumes và (114. Give)__________ tickets for their journey. Inside, the museum (115. Decorate)____________ with things from the real Titanic passengers, lượt thích clothes, letters, & jewelry. All the items (116. Keep)____________ in good conditions. You can learn about the passengers and explore the world’s most famous ship.

Đáp án

Đáp án bài bác tập 1This air ticket was ordered for Emma’s mother.Her new dress are lent to her friends (by her).Seven million dollars was left to his relatives (by him).These gifts were handed to the customer (by the shop manager).The first prize was awarded lớn the outstanding (by the board of directors).Have the christmas cards been sent to lớn her family?Ann was given some apples and some rose flowers (by us).The fridge was moved khổng lồ the second floor (by my father).Some cups of coffee were brought to the visitors in the kitchen (by my mother).The chú ý wasn’t taken khổng lồ the assistant (by the manager).Đáp án bài bác tập 2repairedto typepaintedwritesentcutcarryĐáp án bài tập 3illustratesshowsare mixedare crushedis then mixedis groundis producedis packagedare usedconsistsĐáp án bài tập 4When will the work be done?How is this problem going to be dealt with?How is this amount of money spent?I wonder whether Susan or Jane will be chosen for the position by the board of directors.How was the lost man found by the police?Đáp án bài tập 5This dish is brought lớn me by the waiter.These postcards are sent to lớn us by our friends.They were told this story by their grandmother when they visited her last week.This train ticket was ordered for Tom’s mother by him.Her ticket was shown to lớn the airline agent by her.This cake was baked by Jim yesterday.A new apartment is going lớn be bought next year.The customer was handed these boxes by the siêu thị assistant.The first prize was awarded to the reporter by the board.Have the Christmas cards been sent to lớn your family?Alice was appointed secretary for the meeting by the committee.Anna will be given a ride to school by Tom tomorrow.This room is kept tidy all the time.Ann was given some bananas & some flowers by us.The fridge was moved into the living room.Đáp án bài bác tập 6Is English taught here?Will she be invited to lớn your wedding party?Has the work been finished by Tom?Were some exercises given by the teacher?Has the window of the laboratory been changed?Is a poem going to be written?Are big cakes being made for the party?Are inquires about the thief being made by the police?Must the demo be finished before ten?Will the children be brought home with buses?Has your homework been finished?Đáp án bài xích tập 7Why wasn’t he helped?How many games have been played by the team?Where is English spoken?Who are being kept in the kitchen?How can this be opened safe?What books are being read this year?How was the lost man found by the police?By whom are the children looked after for you?How long has the doctor been waited for?What time can their papers be handed in by the boys?By whom is this book lent?How many marks are given to lớn you by the teacher?Đáp án bài xích tập 8I was paid a lot of money to vị the job.Each of us was given two exercise books by the teacher.He will be told that news.Those poor boys have been sent enough money.The women in most countries in the world have been given the right to lớn vote.Đáp án bài tập 9He is thought to have died a natural death.13 is believed to lớn be an unlucky number.John is said to lớn be the brightest student in class.The President was reported khổng lồ have suffered a heart attack.They were known to have told him of the meeting.She was declared khổng lồ win the competition.The man was rumored to be still living.Jack London’s life và writing is thought lớn represent the American love of adventure.The troops were reported lớn be coming.The earth was believed to lớn stand still.Đáp án bài bác tập 10 She has been heard to lớn sing this tuy vậy several times.He was seen khổng lồ steal your car.The work is being watched by the teacher.You won’t be let to do that silly thing again.The children are made khổng lồ work hard.He was made khổng lồ work all day.The woman was seen putting the jewelry in her bag by the detective.The hostages were made khổng lồ lie down by the terrorists.Drivers are advised to use an alternative route by police.I am helped to vì chưng all these difficult exercises.Đáp án bài bác tập 11AABAABBAĐáp án bài bác tập 12The door has been opened.Walking on the grass is prohibited.Breakfast is served at 8.30.English is spoken in that shop.The flowers were watered this morning.The meat has been stolen by your cat!Your hair is being brushed.The children will be punished if they are naughty.our car is not repaired yet.I am happy because that awful cake has been eaten!Đáp án bài bác tập 13B (be thành been)D (an thành a)C (start thành started)A (were found thành was found)C (been thành be)A (are thành will)C (born thành was born)Đáp án bài bác tập 14 ACDBDDCCDCABACĐáp án bài tập 15was builtare greetedare givenis decoratedare kept

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