The One Pillar Pagoda is one of Hanoi’s most famous Buddhist pagoda & statued in Ho đưa ra Minh Complex together with Ho đưa ra Minh Mausoleum, the Presidental Palace, Ho bỏ ra Minh Museum. Besides the Perfume Temple and Tran Quoc Pagoda, the One Pillar Pagoda is one of Vietnam’s two most iconic worshipping places representing the long-established culture and religion of Vietnam.

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History of One Pillar Pagoda

Legend claims that the existence of this special architecture pagoda associated with Emperor Ly thai To. The aging King was sorrow for the fact that he had no children, came lớn the pagodas, & prayed Buddha for a son. Once upon a night, the spirit of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara visited him in a dream. The great spirit seated on a giant lotus flower and handed the king a baby boy. Months after that, the Queen gave birth to a boy. Remembered his dream, the King ordered khổng lồ build a pagoda which was supported by one pillar only. The quality shape resembled the lotus seat, was a tribute of Ly Thai khổng lồ to the ethereal spirit of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. On the outside, the pagoda looks lượt thích a giant lotus blooming from the water.

One Pillar Pagoda in 1896

One Pillar Pagoda which was built in 1049 in the Ly bầu Tong dynasty was originally located in the Tay Cam Garden, Thach Bao, Vinh Thuan District, Thang Long Capital. The whole structure of the pagoda stands on one sole stone pillar & remains unchanged. However, the surrounding areas have long ago altered, ancient streets disappear through several dynasties, & now, surrounding the One Pillar Pagoda is the Ho đưa ra Minh Complex. Under the Ly Dynasty, the One Pillar Pagoda took the role as a place of the annual royal ceremony celebrating the birthday of Gautama Buddha. Monks and laymen would gather to lớn attend a special Buddha-bathing ceremony, where the monarch would không tính phí a bird, symbolized an act of respecting lives.


Like most of the other historical monuments in Hanoi và Vietnam, the One Pillar Pagoda has suffered from war effects. In 1954, before losing in the First Indochina War and withdrawing from Vietnam, the French colonists had destroyed the pagoda. What visitors see today is a replica rebuilt by the Vietnamese Governors, with the old stone pillar replaced by a new concrete one. However, all details and architecture features remain the same.

The Uniqueness of One Pillar Pagoda

The One Pillar Pagoda is specially designed to lớn resemble a lotus blossom, one of the reasons why it was chosen as a symbol of Vietnam. Lotus is Vietnam’s national flower; its meaning was praised in folk poems “In the pond, nothing’s more beautiful than lotus, the flower of the dawn”. Along with the tradition of Vietnam, lotus has been seen as an emblem of purity, serenity since it rises above the muddy water và still maintains such exquisite beauty. Similarly, the pagoda is located on a muddy pond, rests on one single pillar, with four corners stretch out – a perfect demonstration of a giant lotus. The pillar is 1.25 m in diameter, supporting the whole pagoda above, which is used as a space for Buddha worshipping.

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Right on đứng top of the column is a statue of Guan Yin Buddha on a lotus. The pagoda was built completely by wooden. On each curving roof, a dragon symbol was carved. One Pillar Pagoda is considered one of the đứng đầu special pagoda architecture in Asia. On the garden behind the pagoda, there is a Buddha Gaya tree – a gift from President Rajendra Prasad on the occasion of President Ho bỏ ra Minh visiting India in 1958.

Highlights of One Pillar Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda is a unique architecture representing the religious tradition of Buddhism in Vietnam and also one of the most well-known attractions in Hanoi day trips. Below are some of the reasons why a visit to lớn the One Pillar Pagoda is worth considering:


Observe a quality architecture: In 2012, the Asian Records Academy has recognized the One Pillar Pagoda as “Pagoda of Most Special Architecture”. Every tourist visiting the One Pillar Pagoda is taken a surprise at the “one of a kind” feature và shape of the architecture.A great place for Buddha worshippers: With the age of more than 1000 years, the One Pillar Pagoda is a proud reflection of Vietnam’s tradition of worshiping Buddha. Moreover, the pagoda is rumored lớn possess strong spiritual và holy power, where prayers are likely to be granted their wish.

One Pillar Pagoda Entrance Fee & Opening Hours

How to Get One Pillar Pagoda

The One Pillar Pagoda is located within the Ho đưa ra Minh Complex. For visitors getting khổng lồ the Ho bỏ ra Minh Complex by private transportation, parking is available at the entrance gate of the Ho chi Minh Museum. Buses number 09, 34, 22 all offer a stop at Le Hong Phong Street, just less than minutes walk to lớn the Ho chi Minh Complex.

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One Pillar Pagoda Opening Hours

The One Pillar Pagoda, as well as the Ho bỏ ra Minh Complex, is open on all day of the week.

In summer (April 1st lớn October 31st): From 7.30 to lớn 10.30 và 13.30 lớn 16.30In winter (November 1st lớn March 31st): From 8.00 khổng lồ 11.00 and 13.30 to lớn 16.30

One Pillar Pagoda Entrance Fee

Both domestic & international tourists are không tính phí to enter One Pillar Pagoda